Reticor is a drug in the form of a cream to get rid of acne. Reticor is a drug cream that contains tretinoin or retinoic acid (retinoic acid). The Reticor product itself comes from one of the big companies in the Indonesian pharmaceutical sector, namely PT. Derma Xp.
This acne ointment remedy helps reduce acne growth, relieves the pain of inflammatory acne, and speeds up the healing process of inflamed acne.
In addition, this drug can also help treat, control, reduce, and improve the condition of dry, rough, and wrinkled skin. Reticor works by affecting the growth of cells in the skin.
Tretinoin is often used as a topical vitamin A dosage form, which can only be obtained with a doctor’s prescription. This material is often used in preparations for the skin, especially for the treatment of acne, and is now widely used to treat skin damage caused by sun exposure (sun damage) and for whitening by combining it with hydroquinone (Purnamawati, 2009).
Dosage and Rules for Use of Topical Tretinoin
The following are common doses of topical tretinoin based on their intended use:
Goal: Overcome acne
• Use a cream, gel, or lotion containing 0.01–0.05% tretinoin. Take an adequate amount of the medicine with your fingertips and apply it evenly on the acne-prone area once a day at night or before going to bed.
Goal: Overcome rough skin, wrinkles, and dark spots (hyperpigmentation)
• Use a cream containing 0.02–0.05% tretinoin. Take an adequate amount of cream with fingertips and apply evenly on the affected face area once a day at night or before going to bed.
How to Use Topical Tretinoin Correctly
Follow your doctor’s advice and read the information on the packaging for topical tretinoin before starting to use it. Do not use topical tretinoin on broken or sunburned skin.
Wash your hands and clean your face with mild soap and warm water before applying topical tretinoin. Dry the area of the skin to be applied with topical tretinoin and wait about 20–30 minutes for the skin to dry completely before applying the medication.
Apply topical tretinoin to the area of skin you want to treat. Do not apply the medicine to sunburned skin areas or open wounds.
Avoid applying topical tretinoin to the eyes, nostrils, or mouth. If the drug comes into contact with the area, rinse immediately with clean water. Wash your hands thoroughly after applying topical tretinoin.
If you are using a product that contains sulfur, resorcinol, or salicylic acid, wait for the effects of the product to wear off before using topical tretinoin.
Results of using topical tretinoin to treat acne can usually be seen after 2–6 weeks. Meanwhile, to reduce fine wrinkles, dark spots, and rough skin takes 3-6 months. Therefore, do not stop treatment less than this time.
Store topical tretinoin at room temperature and away from direct sunlight. Keep medicine out of the reach of children.
Topical Tretinoin Interactions with Other Drugs
Drug interactions that can occur when topical tretinoin is used in combination with other medicines or certain beauty products are:
• Increased skin sensitivity to sunlight when used with ciprofloxacin, chlorpromazine, hydrochlorothiazide, sulfamethoxazole, or tetracycline
• Increased risk of severe irritation and decreased effectiveness of topical tretinoin when used with benzoyl peroxide
• Increased risk of severe irritation or dry skin when used with products containing sulfur, salicylic acid, or resorcinol
Also, avoid using topical tretinoin with other products that can cause irritation, including hair removal products, products that contain alcohol, or products that can cause dry skin.
Topical Tretinoin Side Effects and Dangers
Some of the side effects that can occur after using topical tretinoin are:
• Itchy, swollen, red, dry, or peeling skin
• Warm or stinging sensation on facial skin
• Increased acne scars
• Skin color becomes darker or lighter in the area that is applied to the drug
Check with your doctor if you experience any of the side effects mentioned above. See your doctor right away if you have an allergic reaction to the drug after using topical tretinoin.